What is the Longest River in India?



In India, the water resources inside the domestic territory mostly comprise rivers, canals, and lakes. Out of these, rivers are the major source of water resources in the country. This is because many rivers pass through the country, out of which many fulfil the needs of people. Out of the twenty plus rivers, Uttar Pradesh is the state with more of the river areas followed by Madhya Pradesh, Jammu, and Kashmir. The lakes and ponds that make up the water sources are found majorly in the southern region of the nation. They are found in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, etc.

Because of the uneven distribution of inland water resources in India, many states have to lend water from other states.

Now, let us see what is the longest river by size in India and learn more about it.


What is the Longest River in India?

Indus, Brahmaputra, and the Ganges are some of the longest rivers in India.

Indus is a major river in Asia, with most of its part aligning within the region of India. It is a trans-Himalayan region and hence has its origin on the northern side. It is 2,900 kilometers long and passes through many states in India. Overall, it spans over 3,100 kilometers starting from Tibet. The river enters India through the Ladakh region on the north-eastern side of Jammu and Kashmir. It bends and further goes to Pakistan through the mountain regions. It meets the ocean through the Arabian Sea from Karachi. It represents a large part of temperature variation because of coming through mountain areas. It experiences colder regions in the Himalayas series and further passing towards Pakistan, experience normal temperature.

Brahmaputra river in India also amasses nearly 2,900 kilometers of area in its length and is one of the longest rivers in India. It starts around the region of Mount Kailash located around China occupied the Tibet region. The specific location is called Mansarovar lake. It also comes in India through the Himalayas like Indus. This river comes to the middle part of India as well, going over to the eastern region in Assam. Further, it goes over to Bangladesh, meeting other rivers and finally coming down to the Bay of Bengal. In totality, this is a massive river, being over 3,800 meters long. Being close to the Himalayan range and being deep in its core, this river is often a carrier of floods. In nearly all the regions that the river gets to, receives heavy amounts of rainfall. The original path of the river was identified late as compared to the other rivers in the 19th century. Most of the part of the river is sacred for native Hindus that live on its banks. It is one of the most important sources of the economy for north-eastern India as it is helpful in irrigation and water resources for people in indigenous regions. In these regions, the pathways are very steep and difficult to travel to, which is why the river fulfills major requirements regarding water in the part. This river also passes through the tall mountain of Kanchenjunga, making it one of the rarest rivers to do so.